Sainte Mary MacKillop
cofondatrice des sœurs de Saint Joseph du Sacré Cœur (✝ 1909)
Première sainte australienne, née en 1842 à Melbourne.
Mary MacKillop (15 janvier 1842 - 8 août 1909) est canonisée par Benoît XVI le 17 octobre 2010, quinze ans après sa béatification par Jean-Paul II. La vie de mère Marie de la Croix, son nom de religieuse, a été marquée par son amour des plus pauvres, ainsi que son caractère pionnier en matière d’évangélisation. Mary MacKillop a par ailleurs fondé la communauté des sœurs de Saint-Joseph du Sacré-Cœur, aujourd’hui la congrégation la plus importante d’Australie. (Radio Vatican)
Le 17 octobre 2010, dans son homélie, évoquant Mère Mary MacKillop, première sainte australienne, Benoît XVI a signalé qu'elle "se consacra comme jeune femme à l'éducation des pauvres sur le terrain difficile et prenant de l'Australie rurale... Elle pourvut aux besoins de chaque jeune qui lui était confié, sans considérer ni sa condition ni sa richesse, lui fournissant une formation aussi bien intellectuelle que spirituelle. Malgré de nombreux défis, ses prières à Saint Joseph et son inépuisable dévotion au Sacré-Cœur de Jésus, auquel elle dédia sa nouvelle congrégation, ont donné à cette sainte femme les grâces nécessaires pour rester fidèle à Dieu et à l'Église. Par son intercession, que les disciples d'aujourd'hui continuent à servir Dieu et l'Église avec foi et humilité!". (source:VIS 20101018 800)
En conclusion de la messe de canonisation, Benoît XVI a donné en exemples de vie saint André Bessette et sainte Mary MacKillop, qui "sont des images vivantes de l'amour divin..., des modèles de vie chrétienne". (source: VIS 20101018 240)
"La vie de la Bienheureuse Mary MacKillop témoigne de son ouverture à l'action de l'Esprit Saint: elle exerce les fruits de bonté, de charité et de maîtrise de soi face aux nombreux obstacles."
Elle faisait partie des patrons des JMJ de Sydney en 2008.
"Une des figures éminentes de l’histoire de ce pays est la bienheureuse Mary MacKillop, sur la tombe de laquelle j’irai prier un peu plus tard, aujourd’hui même. Je sais que sa persévérance dans les adversités, ses interventions pour défendre ceux qui étaient traités de manière injuste et l’exemple concret de sainteté qu’elle a donné, sont devenus source d’inspiration pour tous les Australiens. Des générations d’Australiens lui doivent leur reconnaissance, ainsi qu’aux Sœurs de Saint-Joseph du Sacré-Cœur et à d’autres Congrégations religieuses pour le réseau d’écoles qu’elles ont créées ici, comme pour le témoignage de leur vie consacrée."
"Il nous vient immédiatement à l’esprit la foi qui a soutenu la bienheureuse Mary MacKillop dans sa forte détermination à éduquer les pauvres en particulier"
"Je vous répète les paroles que la bienheureuse Mary MacKillop a prononcées quand elle venait juste d’avoir vingt-six ans: 'Crois à ce que Dieu murmure à ton cœur!'."
Elle a été béatifiée le 19 janvier 1995 à Sydney par Jean-Paul II.
Voir le site des sœurs de St Joseph du Sacré-Cœur - en anglais, congrégation qu'elle fonda avec le père Julian Woods en 1866.
À Sydney en Australie, l’an 1909, Marie-Hélène MacKillop (Marie de la Croix), vierge, qui fonda la Congrégation des Sœurs de Saint Joseph et du Sacré-Cœur, et la dirigea au milieu de difficultés et d’épreuves sans nombre.
Sa devise: Ne jamais voir un besoin sans chercher à y répondre.SOURCE : http://nominis.cef.fr/contenus/saint/10266/Sainte-Mary-MacKillop.html
Sainte Mary de la Croix MacKillop: une pionnière australienne pour l’Église universelle
17 octobre 2010 by Sr Marie-Noëlle
Nous nous réjouissons pour la canonisation de saint André de Montréal. En même temps, nous n’oublions pas les autres cinq saints reconnus ce matin par Benoît XVI, en particulier Mary MacKillop.
Il s’agit d’un événement marquant pour l’Océanie, Marie de la Croix MacKillop est devenue la première sainte d’Australie aujourd’hui.
Tout comme le frère André elle vient d’un milieu pauvre et, très jeune doit subvenir aux besoins de sa famille en travaillant ; ce qui l’a empêchée de répondre tout de suite à l’appel de Dieu.
Par bonheur, elle rencontre le père Julian Tenisaon Woods alors qu’elle est gouvernante à Penola. Devenu son guide spirituel, il l’aide à fonder une nouvelle congrégation pour répondre aux besoins dans les campagnes en 1867. Elle inaugure ainsi une nouvelle manière d’évangéliser.
Mary MacKillop vécut des heures sombres. En 1871, elle fut excommuniée après avoir dénoncé un prêtre pour des abus sexuels sur un enfant. Cependant six mois après, l’évêque d’Adelaïde révoqua cette excommunication.
Cette fondatrice se rendit à Rome pour rencontrer le pape Pie IX afin de faire approuver son institut.
Infatigable, cette première sainte d’Australie se donna sans compter pour les pauvres. Elle a écrit :
« La volonté de Dieu est pour moi un livre très cher, et je ne me fatigue jamais de le lire »
SOURCE : http://seletlumieretv.org/blogue/saints-et-bienheureux/sainte-mary-de-la-croix-mackillop-une-pionniere-australienne-pour-leglise-universelle
Mary MacKillop, Foundress (RM)
Born in Australia in 1842; died there on May 25, 1909; canonized by Pope John Paul II in 1995.
Although Mary MacKillop's heritage was Scottish, she is Australia's first native-born saint. Her father was a seminarian educated at the Scots College in Rome, but left before his ordination. Instead he emigrated to Australia where he met his future bride. Though it was an unhappy marriage, perhaps because he was often away from home travelling to Europe, it produced good fruit that was nurtured by the father.
In 1860, Mary became a governess in Penola, south Australia, where she met Father Julian Tenison Woods. He became her spiritual director. Several years later they founded a new congregation of Josephites, whose mission was to found schools and orphanages to provide much needed educational outlets. The first rule was drawn up in 1867 and received episcopal approval the following year. In 1869, Mary professed her final vows.
The next few years were difficult, during the absence of the Australian bishops at the First Vatican Council. Mary established a foundation in Brisbane. At the same time, Fr. Woods undermined her work by encouraging some visionary nuns, insisting on excessive poverty, and refusing all state funding. Upon the return of the bishops, Father Woods was removed from the direction of the sisters, who then numbered over 100 in 34 schools.
The bishop of Adelaide, an alcoholic who listened to gossip, attempted to control the congregation. He excommunicated its foundress on the charge of disobedience, then dispensed 47 nuns from their vows. In 1872, on his deathbed, he apologized for his actions and absolved Mary from excommunication. The Holy See sent a delegation to investigate. Their findings led the Vatican to support MacKillop and her nuns against some of the local bishops.
In 1873, Mary travelled to Europe, where she was well-received in Rome. The Holy Father permitted the congregation to have a superior-general, who could move the sisters from house to house within the congregation but across diocesan borders. The rule of poverty was also modified to permit the sisters to own, rather than simply rent, property. During her time in Europe, Mary MacKillop also visited England, Ireland, and Scotland to obtain new recruits for the enterprise and funding to support it. MacKillop was elected to the office of superior-general in 1875.
MacKillop's exemplary attitude towards the bishops who opposed her was complemented by the outstanding work of the congregation. Protestants, as well as Catholics, loudly praised their charity to the poor, their personal poverty, and their abstinence from active proselytizing. They found many supporters who contributed to their mission.
Beginning in 1885, the congregation was again under attack by the bishops, but found support from Rome. The Holy See, however, believed that MacKillop had remained in charge too long, so another superior-general was elected and served from 1888 until 1998. During that time, Mary served as visitor to the houses of New Zealand. At the death of her successor, Mary again took up the reigns and remained as superior-general until her own death. The congregation flourished even in the face of internal dissensions. The foundress suffered from rheumatism for many years, but finally died of a stroke.
Photographs of Mary MacKillop reveal a beautiful woman with a firm jaw and chin. About 1,000 of her letters survive. They show that she was a woman of patient persistence in adversity and a respect for authority. Some see Mary as a feminist pioneer; others as one who cared for Aborigines in difficult times; still others connect her with conservation of the eucalyptus, which is her emblem in art.
The congregation has spread to Peru. In Australia, they are the primary providers of Catholic education to girls. In 1981, the congregation numbered about 1,800 (Farmer).
APOSTOLIC JOURNEY TO THE PHILIPPINES,
PAPUA NEW GUINEA, AUSTRALIA AND SRI LANKA
PAPUA NEW GUINEA, AUSTRALIA AND SRI LANKA
FOR THE BEATIFICATION OF MOTHER MARY MACKILLOP
FOR THE BEATIFICATION OF MOTHER MARY MACKILLOP
HOMILY OF THE HOLY FATHER JOHN PAUL II
Randwick Racecourse, Sydney
Thursday, 19 January 1995
"But strive first for the kingdom of God and his righteousness, and all these things will be given to you as well" (Mt. 6:33).
Dear Brothers and Sisters,
1. We are celebrating an extraordinary event in the life of the Church in this land: the beatification of Mother Mary MacKillop, the first Australian formally declared to be among the Blessed in heaven. I rejoice with all of you: with Cardinal Clancy and my Brother Bishops, with the priests, Religious, all of you, lay men and women, families, young people and children, who offer a radiant and authentic sign of the Church’s vitality. I give thanks to God for being able to celebrate this Beatification right here on Australian soil. Indeed, Australia itself forms a kind of background for the reflections which I would like to share with you.
Just a few weeks ago, the Church celebrated the Solemnity of the Lord’s Birth, and today’s Liturgy still echoes that saving mystery. The first reading from the Prophet Isaiah recalls the Liturgy of Advent and it has certain images which are quite applicable to your own Continent. Isaiah writes: "In the wilderness prepare the way of the Lord, make straight in the desert a highway for our God" (Is. 40: 3). The Prophet speaks of the contrasts of valleys and mountains, of rough terrain and level ground (Cf. ibid. 40, 4). In all of this, of course, he is referring to the geography of the Holy Land. But do not these same images also call to mind the geography of Australia? In the centre of Australia is there not an enormous desert, only the outer edges of which are rich and fertile? Are there not rugged plateaus and deep valleys? Along with harsh terrain do we not also find pleasant and hospitable countryside?
2. The contrasts go beyond mere topography; they are evident also in the ethnic origins of the people. Due to its history of receiving immigrants, Australia has come to be a land of encounter between very different cultures and civilizations. Even before the first Europeans arrived here more than two centuries ago, the aboriginal peoples had been present for tens of thousands of years. In fact, ethnologists tell us that the original inhabitants of Australia are among the most ancient peoples on earth. These contrasts in peoples and culture make your nation a marvellous blend of the old and the new, such that Australia today is a land of diversity and unity, enriched by the contributions which these various individuals and groups make to the building up of society.
The Prophet Isaiah’s exhortation takes on a special relevance for those assembled here and for all the Catholic people of Australia. It is here in your own land that the way of the Lord should be prepared, so that Australia will be a place "where the glory of the Lord shall be revealed, and all people shall see it together" (Ibid. 40: 5). In fact, this glory has already been abundantly revealed in Mary MacKillop, and the Church, by declaring her "Blessed", is saying that the holiness demanded by the Gospel is as Australian as she was Australian. This is the message which I wish to address in particular to Mother MacKillop’s spiritual daughters, the members of the Congregation which she founded. Be assured, dear Sisters, that the Church needs your witness and your fidelity. Australia too values your presence and your dedicated apostolate.
3. It is significant that Mother Mary MacKillop gave to her Congregation the name of Saint Joseph, one who committed his whole being and life to God’s loving Providence. Joseph of Nazareth was a man of boundless trust. Only in this way was he able to live out the unique calling he had received from God, to become the spouse of the Virgin Mary and the guardian of God’s own Son. In the history of the Church Saint Joseph has always been a special model of holiness. Without a doubt, in giving Saint Joseph’s name to her Congregation, Blessed Mary MacKillop was expressing a quality of her own spiritual life, a quality which then became a charism for her followers and for those of us today who would learn from her example.
In the Gospel the Lord says: "Do not worry about your life, what you will eat or what you will drink... Look at the birds of the air; they neither sow nor reap nor gather into barns, and yet your heavenly Father feeds them. Are you not of more value than they?" (Mt. 6: 25-26). Joseph the "just man" lived by these words. These words give us an insight into what must be the fundamental attitude of every spiritual life: openness, trust and serenity in the certainty of God’s special love for every human being, "who is the only creature on earth which God willed for itself" (Gaudium et Spes, 24).
4. The Lord concludes his teaching on trust in Providence with the invitation: "Do not worry... your heavenly Father knows that you need all these things. But strive first for the kingdom of God and his righteousness, and all these things will be given to you as well" (Mt. 6: 31-33). In the history of Australian Catholicism, this "striving for the kingdom of God" has been realized in an eminent way by Blessed Mary of the Cross.
In the vastness of the Australian continent, Blessed Mary MacKillop was not daunted by the great desert, the immense expanses of the outback, nor by the spiritual "wilderness" which affected so many of her fellow citizens. Rather she boldly prepared the way of the Lord in the most trying situations. With gentleness, courage and compassion, she was a herald of the Good News among the isolated "battlers" and the urban slum-dwellers. Mother Mary of the Cross knew that behind the ignorance, misery and suffering which she encountered there were people, men and women, young and old, yearning for God and his righteousness. She knew, because she was a true child of her time and place: the daughter of immigrants who had to struggle at all times to build a life for themselves in their new surroundings. Her story reminds us of the need to welcome people, to reach out to the lonely, the bereft, the disadvantaged. To strive for the kingdom of God and his righteousness means to strive to see Christ in the stranger, to meet him in them and to help them to meet him in each one of us!
5. Just as in Mother MacKillop’s time, so too today the Christian community is faced with many modern "deserts": the wastelands of indifference and intolerance, the desolation of racism and contempt for other human beings, the barrenness of selfishness and faithlessness: sin in all its forms and expressions, and the scandal of sin magnified by the means of social communications. If the Church continually recalls God’s law, inscribed in the human heart and revealed in the Old and New Testaments, it is not because of some arbitrary attachment to past tradition and outmoded views. It is that man detached from his Creator and Redeemer cannot fulfil his destiny and will not have peace. Everywhere the Church must be "a sign and a safeguard of the transcendence of the human person" (Gaudium et Spes, 76). By defending life against the evils of abortion and euthanasia, by encouraging strong family life in the face of old and new threats to its stability, by advancing justice at every level through her social doctrine, the Church is a true Gospel leaven in every sphere of human activity (Gaudium et Spes, 40). The great document of the Second Vatican Council on the Church in the Modern World has given the Church’s members a reminder which is timely in every age: "Christians cannot yearn for anything more ardently than to serve the men and women of the modern world ever more generously and effectively" (Ibid. 93).
6. How do we go about this? Saint Paul’s clear and unambiguous answer is contained in the Second Reading of this Mass. His words to the Colossians indicate what is at the heart of every Christian vocation. He says: "Above all, clothe yourselves in love, which binds everything together in perfect harmony" (Col. 3: 14). What does it mean to "clothe ourselves in love"? Saint Paul explains: "Clothe yourselves with compassion, kindness, humility, meekness and patience. Bear with one another and if anyone has a complaint against another, forgive each other" (Ibid. 3: 12-13). Here Saint Paul draws his inspiration from the Beatitudes, and in that same spirit he writes about the peace of Christ, to which we have all been called (Cf. ibid. 3: 15), and the need for giving thanks in all things (Cf. ibid. 3: 17).
7. In this solemn Liturgy the Church expresses her thankfulness to Mother Mary of the Cross, to the Religious Community she founded and to all Religious Communities. The recent Synod of Bishops dedicated to the life and mission of the consecrated life fully recognized the great contribution made by Religious Communities to the Church and to culture and civilization throughout the world. Responding to Saint Paul’s call to "be thankful" (Ibid. 3: 15), we, on the occasion of this Beatification, express our thanks to Christ the Lord for the great service that consecrated men and women render in Australia in the fields of education and healthcare, and through so many other activities on behalf of the common good. Let us pray for a new springtime of religious vocations so that these Communities will continue to be a vital sign of Jesus Christ’s presence in your midst!
It is very well that you are clapping for the Pope kindly this time.
Thank you very much.
8. Yes, Christ is present in Sydney, and throughout Australia! Through him, all creation, and in particular all humanity, is made capable of giving thanks to the Father for the gifts of Creation and Redemption and for the good things that come from human hands. Christ confers on the whole of life a "Eucharistic significance". Men and women of today often forget this; they think that they themselves are the creators of these goods and they easily lose sight of God. As a result they fail to strive for the kingdom of God and too often have no concern for his righteousness.
The Saints, on the contrary, teach us to see Christ present in Australia, in Sydney. They teach us to see Christ as the centre and summit of God’s lavish gifts to humanity. For this reason the Church honours them, raises them to the altars and proposes them as models to be imitated. They are heralds of the true meaning of human life. Blessed be God in his saints!
9. "Strive first for the kingdom of God and his righteousness, and all these things will be given to you as well" (Mt. 6: 33).
With these words I began this homily, and with them I wish to conclude.
The Beatification of Mother Mary MacKillop is a kind of "consecration" of the people of God in Australia. Through her witness the truth of God’s love and the values of his kingdom have been made visible in this continent – values which are at the very basis of Australian society. May your whole Nation remain true to its Christian heritage! And may the Church which makes her pilgrim way in Australia continue to carry out her mission, proclaiming God’s kingdom and his righteousness!
And on the last day, the days I still think about pilgrims. I see the young people of Manila, of so many nations of the whole world... All representing the Pilgrim Church, the pilgrim people of God. And all singing with us, Te Deum laudamus. We are singing, then, of this celebration, of God we praise you. All pilgrim Church sing, rejoice, rejoice in Australia. Christ is here in Sydney and everywhere. Christ is here.
Thank you very much.
Holy Father's greetings at the conclusion of the Eucharistic Celebration:
I greet all Australians, beginning with all Aboriginals of Australia and New Zealand. And then all who made their contribution to the entire work of prayer: Irish, Ireland, all Irish-Australians, all British-Australians, all Italians, all Croatians, Polish, Ukrainians, and Vietnamese. All together..., mexicanos tambié, Polaków,...
We all praise the Lord! All of you, once again, thank you very much! And our congratulations to Blessed Mary MacKillop and the Congregation of Sisters founded by her, here present.
Once again, thank you very much for your patience and perseverance.
And the last word about Cardinal Clancy... Cardinal Clancy desired the rain tomorrow, only tomorrow...
The Pope for today, Cardinal Clancy for tomorrow.
Praise be the Lord!
© Copyright - Libreria Editrice Vaticana
SOURCE : http://w2.vatican.va/content/john-paul-ii/en/homilies/1995/documents/hf_jp-ii_hom_19950119_beatificaz-sidney.html
Domenica, 17 ottobre 2010
Linda Klarfeld, Statue de Sainte Mary Mackillop,
bronze, at the Australian Catholic University in North Sydney
MacKillop, Mary Helen
Educator and Religious Sister
- St Mary of the Cross
Written by Shurlee Swain, Australian Catholic University
Mary MacKillop was born in the Melbourne suburb of Fitzroy in 1842, the eldest of eight children of impoverished immigrant Alexander Mckillop and his wife Flora. Educated both by her father and in private schools, she worked successively as a shop-girl, governess, teacher and boarding-house proprietor before, under the influence of Father Julian Tenison Woods, founding the Sisters of St Joseph in Penola, South Australia, in 1866. The goal of the order was to provide education for poor children. Despite conflict with the church hierarchy in its early years, by 1900 the sisters had spread throughout the eastern colonies conducting schools and charitable institutions for women and children.
MacKillop's correspondence shows her as a woman confidently in control of her organisation. She regularly visited her convents in Australia and New Zealand and knew each of the sisters (Sydney Morning Herald, 10 August 1909). A believer in issuing clear instructions which left no room for doubt as to her intentions, she wrote that 'it is well in dealing with some souls not to give them that loophole' (McCreanor, 288). Although she urged obedience on her sisters, she was able to resist requests from the church hierarchy which we she felt would have caused the order to overextend itself, arguing 'we must look before us, do what we do well and refuse undertaking too much' (McCreanor, 292).
Following a stroke in 1902, MacKillop lived as an invalid, but her mental faculties remained acute. She continued in her role as Congregational Leader despite her declining health, but left much of the responsibility to her assistant, Sr La Merci Mahony. She welcomed the advent of women's suffrage, telling members of her community that it was their duty to vote, but that they should 'get advice from some leading man ... or from the priest' before deciding who to vote for (McCreanor, 359).
MacKillop died in Sydney in 1909. A campaign for her canonisation, which commenced shortly after her death, saw her named as Australia's first saint in 2010.
· Gardiner, Paul, Mary MacKillop: An Extraordinary Australian, authorised biography, E.J. Dwyer, Sydney, New South Wales, 1994. Details
· McCreanor, Sheila (ed.), Mary MacKillop on Mission to her Last Breath: Correspondence about the foundations of the Sisters of St Joseph in Aotearoa New Zealand and Mary's final years 1881-1909, Sisters of St Joseph, Sydney, New South Wales, 2009. Details
· Pilcher, Carmel, 'A Precedent for the World: Mary MacKillop at Randwick', Women-Church, vol. 18, 1995, pp. 41 - 43. Details
· 'Sisters of St Joseph', The Sydney Morning Herald (New South Wales), 10 August 1909, p. 6. http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article15113868. Details
· 'MacKillop, Mary Helen', The Australian Women's Register, National Foundation for Australian Women, http://www.womenaustralia.info/biogs/AWE3719b.htm. Details
· Saint Mary Mackillop website, http://www.marymackillop.org.au/marys-story/influences.cfm. Details
Thorpe, Osmund, 'MacKillop, Mary Helen (1842 - 1909)', in Australian Dictionary of Biography, National Centre of Biography, Australian National University (ANU), c.2006, http://adb.anu.edu.au/biography/mackillop-mary-helen-4112/text6575. Details
OMELIA DEL SANTO PADRE BENEDETTO XVI
Piazza San Pietro
Domenica, 17 ottobre 2010
Cari fratelli e sorelle!
Si rinnova oggi in Piazza San Pietro la festa della santità. Con gioia rivolgo il mio cordiale benvenuto a voi che siete giunti, anche da molto lontano, per prendervi parte. Un particolare saluto ai Cardinali, ai Vescovi e ai Superiori Generali degli Istituti fondati dai nuovi Santi, come pure alle Delegazioni ufficiali e a tutte le Autorità civili. Insieme cerchiamo di accogliere quanto il Signore ci dice nelle sacre Scritture poc’anzi proclamate. La liturgia di questa domenica ci offre un insegnamento fondamentale: la necessità di pregare sempre, senza stancarsi. Talvolta noi ci stanchiamo di pregare, abbiamo l’impressione che la preghiera non sia tanto utile per la vita, che sia poco efficace. Perciò siamo tentati di dedicarci all’attività, di impiegare tutti i mezzi umani per raggiungere i nostri scopi, e non ricorriamo a Dio. Gesù invece afferma che bisogna pregare sempre, e lo fa mediante una specifica parabola (cfr Lc 18,1-8).
Questa parla di un giudice che non teme Dio e non ha riguardo per nessuno, un giudice che non ha atteggiamento positivo, ma cerca solo il proprio interesse. Non ha timore del giudizio di Dio e non ha rispetto per il prossimo. L’altro personaggio è una vedova, una persona in una situazione di debolezza. Nella Bibbia, la vedova e l’orfano sono le categorie più bisognose, perché indifese e senza mezzi. La vedova va dal giudice e gli chiede giustizia. Le sue possibilità di essere ascoltata sono quasi nulle, perché il giudice la disprezza ed ella non può fare nessuna pressione su di lui. Non può nemmeno appellarsi a principi religiosi, poiché il giudice non teme Dio. Perciò questa vedova sembra priva di ogni possibilità. Ma lei insiste, chiede senza stancarsi, è importuna, e così alla fine riesce ad ottenere dal giudice il risultato. A questo punto Gesù fa una riflessione, usando l’argomento a fortiori: se un giudice disonesto alla fine si lascia convincere dalla preghiera di una vedova, quanto più Dio, che è buono, esaudirà chi lo prega. Dio infatti è la generosità in persona, è misericordioso, e quindi è sempre disposto ad ascoltare le preghiere. Pertanto, non dobbiamo mai disperare, ma insistere sempre nella preghiera.
La conclusione del brano evangelico parla della fede: «Il Figlio dell’uomo, quando verrà, troverà la fede sulla terra?» (Lc 18,8). E’ una domanda che vuole suscitare un aumento di fede da parte nostra. E’ chiaro infatti che la preghiera dev’essere espressione di fede, altrimenti non è vera preghiera. Se uno non crede nella bontà di Dio, non può pregare in modo veramente adeguato. La fede è essenziale come base dell’atteggiamento della preghiera. E’ quanto hanno fatto i sei nuovi Santi che oggi vengono proposti alla venerazione della Chiesa universale: Stanisław Sołtys, André Bessette, Cándida María de Jesús Cipitria y Barriola, Mary of the Cross MacKillop, Giulia Salzano e Battista Camilla Varano.
Święty Stanisław Kazimierczyk, zakonnik z XV wieku, i dla nas może być przykładem i orędownikiem. Całe Jego życie było związane z Eucharystią. Najpierw przez kościół Bożego Ciała na Kazimierzu w dzisiejszym Krakowie, gdzie u boku matki i ojca uczył się wiary i pobożności; gdzie złożył śluby zakonne u Kanoników Regularnych; gdzie pracował jako kapłan, wychowawca, opiekun potrzebujących. Przede wszystkim jednak był związany z Eucharystią przez żarliwą miłość do Chrystusa obecnego pod postaciami chleba i wina; przez przeżywanie tajemnicy Jego śmierci i zmartwychwstania, która w sposób bezkrwawy dokonuje się we Mszy św.; przez praktykę miłości bliźniego, której źródłem i znakiem jest Komunia.
[Traduzione: San Stanisław Kazimierczyk, religioso del XV secolo, può essere anche per noi esempio e intercessore. Tutta la sua vita era legata all’Eucaristia. Anzitutto nella chiesa del Corpus Domini in Kazimierz, nell’odierna Cracovia, dove, accanto alla madre e al padre, imparò la fede e la pietà; dove emise i voti religiosi presso i Canonici Regolari; dove lavorò come sacerdote, educatore, attento alla cura dei bisognosi. In modo particolare, però, era legato all’Eucaristia attraverso l’ardente amore per Cristo presente sotto le specie del pane e del vino; vivendo il mistero della morte e della risurrezione, che in modo incruento si compie nella Santa Messa; attraverso la pratica dell’amore al prossimo, del quale fonte e segno è la Comunione.]
Frère André Bessette, originaire du Québec, au Canada, et religieux de la Congrégation de la Sainte-Croix, connut très tôt la souffrance et la pauvreté. Elles l’ont conduit à recourir à Dieu par la prière et une vie intérieure intense. Portier du collège Notre Dame à Montréal, il manifesta une charité sans bornes et s’efforça de soulager les détresses de ceux qui venaient se confier à lui. Très peu instruit, il a pourtant compris où se situait l’essentiel de sa foi. Pour lui, croire signifie se soumettre librement et par amour à la volonté divine. Tout habité par le mystère de Jésus, il a vécu la béatitude des cœurs purs, celle de la rectitude personnelle. C’est grâce à cette simplicité qu’il a permis à beaucoup de voir Dieu. Il fit construire l’Oratoire Saint Joseph du Mont Royal dont il demeura le gardien fidèle jusqu’à sa mort en 1937. Il y fut le témoin d’innombrables guérisons et conversions. «Ne cherchez pas à vous faire enlever les épreuves» disait-il, «demandez plutôt la grâce de bien les supporter». Pour lui, tout parlait de Dieu et de sa présence. Puissions-nous, à sa suite, rechercher Dieu avec simplicité pour le découvrir toujours présent au cœur de notre vie! Puisse l’exemple du Frère André inspirer la vie chrétienne canadienne!
Cuando el Hijo del Hombre vendrá para hacer justicia a los elegidos, ¿encontrará esta fe en la tierra? (cf. Lc 18,18). Hoy podemos decir que sí, con alivio y firmeza, al contemplar figuras como la Madre Cándida María de Jesús Cipitria y Barriola. Aquella muchacha de origen sencillo, con un corazón en el que Dios puso su sello y que la llevaría muy pronto, con la guía de sus directores espirituales jesuitas, a tomar la firme resolución de vivir «sólo para Dios». Decisión mantenida fielmente, como ella misma recuerda cuando estaba a punto de morir. Vivió para Dios y para lo que Él más quiere: llegar a todos, llevarles a todos la esperanza que no vacila, y especialmente a quienes más lo necesitan. «Donde no hay lugar para los pobres, tampoco lo hay para mí», decía la nueva Santa, que con escasos medios contagió a otras Hermanas para seguir a Jesús y dedicarse a la educación y promoción de la mujer. Nacieron así las Hijas de Jesús, que hoy tienen en su Fundadora un modelo de vida muy alto que imitar, y una misión apasionante que proseguir en los numerosos países donde ha llegado el espíritu y los anhelos de apostolado de la Madre Cándida.
“Remember who your teachers were – from these you can learn the wisdom that leads to salvation through faith in Christ Jesus.” For many years countless young people throughout Australia have been blessed with teachers who were inspired by the courageous and saintly example of zeal, perseverance and prayer of Mother Mary McKillop. She dedicated herself as a young woman to the education of the poor in the difficult and demanding terrain of rural Australia, inspiring other women to join her in the first women’s community of religious sisters of that country. She attended to the needs of each young person entrusted to her, without regard for station or wealth, providing both intellectual and spiritual formation. Despite many challenges, her prayers to Saint Joseph and her unflagging devotion to the Sacred Heart of Jesus, to whom she dedicated her new congregation, gave this holy woman the graces needed to remain faithful to God and to the Church. Through her intercession, may her followers today continue to serve God and the Church with faith and humility!
Nella seconda metà del secolo XIX, in Campania, nel sud dell’Italia, il Signore chiamò una giovane maestra elementare, Giulia Salzano, e ne fece un’apostola dell’educazione cristiana, fondatrice della Congregazione delle Suore Catechiste del Sacro Cuore di Gesù. Madre Giulia comprese bene l’importanza della catechesi nella Chiesa, e, unendo la preparazione pedagogica al fervore spirituale, si dedicò ad essa con generosità e intelligenza, contribuendo alla formazione di persone di ogni età e ceto sociale. Ripeteva alle sue consorelle che desiderava fare catechismo fino all’ultima ora della sua vita, dimostrando con tutta se stessa che se “Dio ci ha creati per conoscerLo, amarLo e servirLo in questa vita”, nulla bisognava anteporre a questo compito. L’esempio e l’intercessione di santa Giulia Salzano sostengano la Chiesa nel suo perenne compito di annunciare Cristo e di formare autentiche coscienze cristiane.
Santa Battista Camilla Varano, monaca clarissa del XV secolo, testimoniò fino in fondo il senso evangelico della vita, specialmente perseverando nella preghiera. Entrata a 23 anni nel monastero di Urbino, si inserì da protagonista in quel vasto movimento di riforma della spiritualità femminile francescana che intendeva recuperare pienamente il carisma di santa Chiara d’Assisi. Promosse nuove fondazioni monastiche a Camerino, dove più volte fu eletta abbadessa, a Fermo e a San Severino. La vita di santa Battista, totalmente immersa nelle profondità divine, fu un’ascesa costante nella via della perfezione, con un eroico amore verso Dio e il prossimo. Fu segnata da grandi sofferenze e mistiche consolazioni; aveva deciso infatti, come scrive lei stessa, di “entrare nel Sacratissimo Cuore di Gesù e di annegare nell’oceano delle sue acerbissime sofferenze”. In un tempo in cui la Chiesa pativa un rilassamento dei costumi, ella percorse con decisione la strada della penitenza e della preghiera, animata dall’ardente desiderio di rinnovamento del Corpo mistico di Cristo.
Cari fratelli e sorelle, rendiamo grazie al Signore per il dono della santità, che risplende nella Chiesa e oggi traspare sul volto di questi nostri fratelli e sorelle. Gesù invita anche ciascuno di noi a seguirlo per avere in eredità la vita eterna. Lasciamoci attrarre da questi esempi luminosi, lasciamoci guidare dai loro insegnamenti, perché la nostra esistenza sia un cantico di lode a Dio. Ci ottengano questa grazia la Vergine Maria e l’intercessione dei sei nuovi Santi che oggi con gioia veneriamo. Amen.
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SOURCE : http://w2.vatican.va/content/benedict-xvi/it/homilies/2010/documents/hf_ben-xvi_hom_20101017_canonizations.html