samedi 3 décembre 2016

Saint CASSIEN de TANGER, martyr


Icône de Saint Marcellus et de Saint Cassien de Tanger

3 décembre

Saint Cassien

martyr à Tanger ( v. 298)

Il faisait office de greffier du tribunal. Voyant le courage et la foi des chrétiens condamnés au martyre, il reçut la même grâce, renonça à sa charge et à son tour, après de cruels supplices, il donna à Dieu sa vie.


À Tanger en Maurétanie, au IIIe ou IVe siècle, saint Cassien, martyr.

Martyrologe romain



Ces actes forment en quelque sorte la suite de ceux du centurion Marcel.

RUINART, Act. sinc. p. 314. — P. ALLARD, Hist. des perséc., t. IV, p. 137.

LES ACTES DE SAINT CASSIEN.

Cassien était greffier du vice-préfet du prétoire, Aurélius Agricola ; il était en fonctions lorsque le martyr Marcel fut interrogé devant ce magistrat.

Le 30 octobre, Marcel comparut à Tanger devant Agricola, qui, par de longs discours, une voix tonitruante et tout l'appareil de la justice, s'efforça d'intimider le confesseur. Mais Marcel protesta de sa qualité de soldat du Christ et de l'impossibilité pour lui de rester engagé dans le siècle. Il y avait dans son attitude un air d'autorité tel que le martyr semblait juger son juge. Aurélius s'embrouillait à force d'être furieux.

Cassien, qui recueillait la déposition, était frappé de voir Agricola vaincu par le dévouement du martyr ; quand il entendit le prononcé de l'arrêt qui portait la peine de mort, il fut indigné et lança à terre poinçon et tablettes. Les appariteurs furent stupéfaits. Marcel souriait; Agricola bondit de son siège, il tremblait de colère, et demanda au greffier ce que ce geste signifiait.

Cassien dit : « Tu as rendu une sentence injuste » .

Pour couper court, le préfet le fit enlever à l'instant et mettre en prison. Marcel avait souri de bonheur, car l'Esprit lui avait fait connaître que Cassien devait être le compagnon de son martyre. En effet, le jour même, objet de l'intérêt universel des habitants, Marcel reçut la couronne. Le 3 décembre, Cassien comparut au lieu où Marcel avait été jugé. Par des réponses pareilles aux siennes et exprimées presque dans les mêmes termes, il méritait le martyre, avec le secours de la grâce de Notre-Seigneur Jésus-Christ, à qui est honneur et gloire, vertu et puissance dans les siècles des siècles. Amen.

LES MARTYRS, TOME II. LE TROISIÈME SIÈCLE, DIOCLÉTIEN. Recueil de pièces authentiques sur les martre depuis les origines du christianisme jusqu'au XXe siècle traduites et publiées par le B. P. DOM H. LECLERCQ, Moine bénédictin de Saint-Michel de Farnborough. Imprimi potest FR. FERDINANDUS CABROL, Abbas Sancti Michaelis Farnborough. Die 15 Martii 1903. Imprimatur. Pictavii, die 24 Martii 1903. + HENRICUS, Ep. Pictaviensis.

SOURCE : http://www.abbaye-saint-benoit.ch/martyrs/martyrs0002.htm#_Toc90634924

Saint Cassien de Tanger

Martyr à Tanger (Maroc)

Fête le 3 décembre

† 298


Il faisait office de greffier du tribunal. Voyant le courage et la foi des chrétiens condamnés au martyre, il reçut cette grâce, renonça à sa charge et à son tour, après de cruels supplices, il donna à Dieu sa vie.

Saint Cassian of Tangiers




Profile

Court stenographer at the trial of Saint Marcellus the Centurion at Tangiers. When Marcellus was condemned to death, Cassian announced his own faith, and denounced the penalty. He was immediately arrested and killed. Martyr. Mentioned in a hymn by Saint Prudentius.

  • 298 in Tangiers (in modern Morocco)
SOURCE : http://catholicsaints.info/saint-cassian-of-tangiers/

Saint Cassian of Tangier M (RM) +

Died 298. If you remember the story of Saint Marcellus the Centurion, you will recall his trial and execution. St. Cassian was the exceptor (official recorder or court stenographer) at the trial of St. Marcellus before Deputy Prefect Aurelius Agricolan at Tangiers. Indignant at the injustice done to the martyr, he threw down his pen, and denounced the unjust death penalty imposed on Marcellus. The story is told that he was so indignant at the sentence that he refused to report the proceedings. He became a Christian, was imprisoned, and later executed as a consequence. Reliable sources say that in all likelihood this is a fictitious addition to the authentic account of St. Marcellus; however, there seems to have been a martyr at Tangier named Cassian. The Benedictines report that his "acts are quite authentic; he is also mentioned in one of the hymns of Prudentius." He is the patron of stenographers (Attwater, Benedictines, Delaney).


The Martyrdom of Saints Marcellus and Cassian

(From A Treasury of Early Christianity, edited by Anne
Fremantle, New York: Viking Press, 1953, pp. 233-236)


Marcellus was a native of Tingis (now Tangier), and a centurion during the reign of Diocletian. He cast away his arms and declared himself a Christian, for which he was sentenced [in 298] by the governor Fortunatus to be beheaded. At the time of Marcellus's trial Cassian was a shorthand writer in the court. He declared that the sentence of Marcellus was unjust, for which heresy he himself was imprisoned and a little later suffered the same martyrdom.

In the city of Tingis, during the administration of Fortunatus as governor, the time came for the birthday of the Emperor. When all in that place were feasting at banquets and sacrificing, a certain Marcellus, one of the centurions of the Trajan legion, deeming those banquets to be heathen, cast away his soldier's belt in front of the standards of the legion which were then in camp, and testified in a loud voice, saying: "I serve Jesus Christ the Eternal King." He also threw away his vine-switch and arms, and added: "Henceforward I cease to serve your Emperors, and I scorn to worship your gods of wood and stone, which are deaf and dumb idols. If such be the terms of service that men are forced to offer sacrifice to gods and Emperors, behold I cast away my vine-switch and belt, I renounce the standards, and refuse to serve."

The soldiers were dumbfounded at hearing such things; they laid hold on him, and reported the matter to Anastasius Fortunatus the commander of the legion, who ordered him to be thrown into prison. When the feasting was over, he gave orders, sitting in council, that the centurion Marcellus should be brought in. When Marcellus, one of the centurions of Asta, was brought in, Anastasius Fortunatus the governor said: "What did you mean by ungirding yourself in violation of military discipline, and casting away your belt and vineswitch?"

Marcellus answered: "On the twenty-first of July, in presence of the standards of your legion, when you celebrated the festival of the Emperor, I made answer openly and in a loud voice that I was a Christian and that I could not serve under this allegiance, but only under the allegiance of Jesus Christ the Son of God the Father Almighty."

Anastasius Fortunatus the governor said, "I cannot pass over your rash conduct, and therefore I will report this matter to the Emperors and Caesar. You yourself shall be referred unhurt to my lord, Aurelius Agricolan, Deputy for the Prefects of the Guard." [The shorthand writer who took down the official proceedings was Caecilius.]

On the 30th of October at Tingis, Marcellus, one of the centurions of Asta, having been brought into court, it was officially reported: "Fortunatus the governor has referred Marcellus, a centurion, to your authority. There is in court a letter dealing with his case, which at your command I will read."

Agricolan said: "Let it be read."

The official report was as follows: "From Fortunatus to you, my lord, and so forth. This soldier, having cast away his soldier's belt, and having testified that he was a Christian, spoke in the presence of all the people many blasphemous things against the gods and against Caesar. We have therefore sent him on to you, that you may order such action to be taken as your Eminence may ordain in regard to the same."

After the letter had been read, Agricolan said: "Did you say these things as appear in the official report of the governor?"

Marcellus answered: "I did."

Agricolan said: "Did you hold the rank of a centurion of the first class?"

Marcellus answered: "I did."

Agricolan said: "What madness possessed you to cast away the signs of your allegiance, and to speak as you did?"

Marcellus answered: "There is no madness in those who fear the Lord."

Agricolan said: "Did you make each of these speeches contained in the official report of the governor?"

Marcellus answered: "I did."

Agricolan said: "Did you cast away your arms?"

Marcellus answered: "I did. For it was not right for a Christian, who serves the Lord Christ, to serve the cares of the world."

Agricolan said: "The acts of Marcellus are such as must be visited with disciplinary punishment." And he pronounced sentence as follows: "Marcellus, who held the rank of centurion of the first class, having admitted that he has degraded himself by openly throwing off his allegiance, and having besides put on record, as appears in the official report of the governor, other insane expressions, it is our pleasure that he be put to death by the sword."

When he was being led to execution, he said to Agricolan: "May God bless thee! For so ought a martyr to depart out of this world."

And when he had said these words he was beheaded, dying for the name of our Lord Jesus Christ, who is glorious for ever and ever. Amen.

When Aurelius Agricolan was acting as deputy for the Prefects of the Praetorian Guard, at the time when he was preparing to hear the case of the holy martyr Marcellus, the blessed Cassian was a shorthand writer under the orders of his staff. So when Marcellus, one of the centurions of Asta, was brought into court at Tingis on the 30th of October, Aurelius Agricolan by his power as judge strove with many threats to seduce him from perseverance in his confession. But the blessed Marcellus by the power of his constancy, so that all henceforward considered him his judge's judge, proclaimed that he was the soldier of Christ, and could not serve the cares of the world, while Aurelius Agricolan on the other hand poured forth words full of fury. Cassian was taking down these statements, but, when he saw Aurelius Agricolan, beaten by the devotion of so great a martyr, pronounce sentence of death, he vowed with an imprecation he would go no farther, and threw on the ground his pen and note book. So, amid the astonishment of the staff and the laughter of Marcellus, Aurelius Agricolan trembling leapt from the bench and demanded why he had thrown down his note books with an oath. Blessed Cassian answered that Agricolan had dictated an unjust sentence. To avoid further contradiction, Agricolan ordered him to be at once removed and cast into prison.

Now the blessed martyr Marcellus had laughed because, having knowledge of the future through the Holy Spirit, he rejoiced that Cassian would be his companion in martyrdom. On that very day, amid the eager expectation of the city, blessed Marcellus obtained his desire. After no long interval, namely, on the 3rd of December, the worshipful Cassian was brought into the same court in which Marcellus had been tried, and by almost the same replies, the same statement as holy Marcellus had made, merited to obtain the victory of martyrdom, through the help of our Lord Jesus Christ, to whom belong honour and glory, excellency and power for ever and ever. Amen.

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San Cassiano di Tangeri Martire


m. Tangeri, 30 ottobre 298

Etimologia: Cassiano = armato di elmo, dal latino

Emblema: Palma

Martirologio Romano: A Tangeri in Mauritania, nell’odierno Marocco, san Cassiano, martire.

Nel Martirologio Geronimiano, al 3 dicembre, è commemorato Carlo, martire a Tangeri, che è nominato anche da Prudenzio. Il Baronio introdusse nel Martirologio Romano, allo stesso giorno, I'elogio di Cassiano, mutuandolo dal De Natalibus che, a sua volta, l'aveva ricavato da una passio annessa in appendice a quella di s. Marcello centurione, martirizzato a Tangeri il 30 ottobre 298.


Secondo questo testo, poco attendibile, Cassiano, segretario (exceptor militaris) del prefetto del pretorio Aurelio Agricolano, dovendo assistere per motivi d'ufficio al processo di Marcello, si indignò per l'ingiusta condanna del martire e protestò clamorosamente, gettando via lo stilo e le tavolette su cui scriveva. Arrestato immediatamente e giudicato per il grave atto di indisciplina, fu condannato a morte. Oltre che al 3 dicembre, Cassiano è celebrato anche al 1o, assieme ad altri martiri, sia nel Martirologio Geronimiano sia nel Romano: il gruppo, però, è chiaramente fittizio.

È da notare che il De Natalibus confonde Cassiano con il martire omonimo venerato a Imola, poiché afferma che il corpo di Cassiano, sepolto a Tangeri, dopo qualche tempo, fu portato nella città romagnola.



Autore: Agostino Amore