mercredi 28 décembre 2016

Bienheureux HRYHORII (GREGORY, GREGORIUS) KHOMYSHYN, évêque et martyr


Blessed Grzegorz Chomyszyn

Bienheureux Grégoire Chomyshyn

Évêque de Stanislaviv et martyr ( 1945)

Né le 25 Mars 1867 à Hadynkivtsi dans la région de Ternopil, après ses études de séminariste, il est ordonné prêtre le 18 Novembre 1893. Sa formation théologique est enrichie par des études à Vienne, de 1894 à 1899. En 1902, le métropolite Andriy Sheptytsky nomme le P. Grégoire comme recteur du grand séminaire de Lviv. Il est ensuite ordonné évêque pour Stanislaviv (aujourd'hui Ivano-Frankivsk) dans la cathédrale Saint-Georges en 1904. En 1939, il est arrêté pour la première fois par le NKVD (KGB). Après une deuxième arrestation, il est déporté à Kiev. Il y meurt dans la prison du NKVD, le 17 Janvier 1945.

Hryhorij Khomyšyn a été béatifié le 27 juin 2001 avec Mykola Čarneckyj et 24 compagnons par Jean-Paul II à Lviv en Ukraine lors de son voyage apostolique.

À Kiev en Ukraine, l’an 1945, le bienheureux Grégoire Chomyshyn, évêque de Stanislaviv et martyr. Arrêté sous le régime soviétique athée, en raison de sa fidélité à la communion avec l’Église romaine, il mourut en prison.


Martyrologe romain

SOURCE : http://nominis.cef.fr/contenus/saint/11282/Bienheureux-Gregoire-Chomyshyn.html

Un évêque gréco-catholique ukrainien dans la tourmente

Le martyre de Mgr Grégory Khomysyn


Le martyrologe romain fait aujourd’hui mémoire du bienheureux Grégory Khomysyn, évêque gréco-catholique ukrainien et martyr (1867-1947).

Il fait partie des vingt-sept bienheureux de l’Eglise gréco-catholique béatifiés par Jean-Paul II, lors de son premier voyage en Ukraine, en juin 2001.

C’était la première fois que des causes de béatifications de serviteurs de Dieu de l’Eglise gréco-catholique ukrainienne pouvaient menées d’un bout à l’autre par des membres de cette même Eglise.
Grégory Khomysyn était né dans le village de Hadynkivtsi, dans le district de Ternopil. Après son ordination sacerdotale, il alla compléter sa formation théologique à Vienne (1894-1899). En 1902, le Métropolite André Sheptytsky le nomma recteur du grand séminaire de Lviv.

En 1904, il devint évêque de Stanislaviv (Ivano-Frankivsk). En 1939, il fut arrêté une première fois par les services secrets soviétiques (NKVD à l’époque). Une seconde arrestation, en avril 1945, fut suivie d’une déportation à Kiev. C’est là qu’il mourut, dans la prison du NKVD, le 17 janvier 1947.

SOURCE : https://fr.zenit.org/articles/un-eveque-greco-catholique-ukrainien-dans-la-tourmente/

The Servant of God Bishop Hryhory Khomyshyn was born on 25 March 1867 in the village of Hadynkivtsi, Ternopil District. After graduating from the seminary he was ordained to the priesthood on 18 November 1893. His theological education was enriched during further studies in Vienna from 1894-1899. In 1902, Metropolitan Andriy Sheptytsky appointed Fr Gregory as Rector of the seminary in Lviv. Fr Gregory was ordained bishop for Stanislaviv (now Ivano-Frankivsk) in St George Cathedral in 1904. In 1939, he was arrested for the first time by the NKVD (KGB). His second arrest was in April 1945, after which he was deported to Kyiv. He died in Kyiv's NKVD prison on 17 January 1947.

Blessed Hryhorii Khomyshyn

2 April 2010, 7:13 pm
Also known as
  • Gregor Khomysyn
  • Gregory Chomyshyn
  • Gregory Khomyshyn
  • Grzegorz Chomyszyn
  • Hryhorij Khomyshyn
  • Hryhorij Khomysyn
  • Hryhory Khomyshyn
  • Hryhory Khomysyn
Profile

Greek Catholic. Ordained on 18 November 1893. Studied theology at Vienna, Austria from 1894 to 1899. Rector of the seminary in Lviv, Ukraine in 1902. Bishop of Stanislaviv (modern Ivano-Frankivsk), Ukraine on 6 May 1904. Arrested for his faith in 1939 by the NKVD. Arrested again in April 1945; deported to Kiev, Ukraine. Died in prison. One of the Martyrs Killed Under Communist Regimes in Eastern Europe.

Born

The Blessed Hryhoriy Khomyshyn (also Hryhorij Khomyshyn, Ukrainian: Григорій Лукич Хомишин, Polish: Grzegorz Chomyszyn) was a Ukrainian Greek Catholic bishop and hieromartyr.

Khomyshyn was born on 25 March 1867 in the village of Hadynkivtsi, eastern Galicia, in what is now Ternopil Oblast.[1] He graduated from the seminary and was ordained a priest on 18 November 1893.[2] He continued to study theology at the University of Vienna from 1894 to 1899, and in 1902, Metropolitan Andrey Sheptytsky appointed Khomyshyn the rector of the Greek Catholic Theological Seminary in Lviv.[1] In 1904, he was consecrated as the bishop for Stanyslaviv (now Ivano-Frankivsk) at St. George's Cathedral. Throughout his tenure, spanning over four decades, he was considered the second most powerful figure in the Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church.[3] [4]

Unlike Sheptytsky, Khomyshyn believed that the UGCC should adopt a more westward orientation, further emphasizing the Uniate Church's relationship with Rome.[5] This meant introducing Latinized practicies such as the Gregorian calendar and a strict adherence to clerical celibacy, which were met with controversy in his eparchy.[6] [7]

During the 1930s, Khomyshyn was responsible for organizing the Ukrainian Catholic People's Party, which briefly held seats in the Sejm and Senate.[6] He is noted as being one of only a handful of members of the Catholic hierarchy in interwar Poland to publicly oppose anti-Semitism; his tolerance towards Galician Jews likely owing to his own experience as part of Poland's Ukrainian minority.[8] [9] As a result of his moderate approach to Ukrainian nationalism, he would be labeled a "sellout" by the OUN and was left fearing for his life.[7] [10]

Khomyshyn was first arrested in 1939 by the NKVD. A critic of the Soviet system, having called the occupying forces "fierce beasts animated by the devil,"[11] he was arrested again in April 1945, and was then deported to Kiev. In prison, he was tortured and advised to renounce the Union of Brest, which he refused to do.[12]

He died in the Lukyanivska Prison hospital in Kiev on 17 January 1947. He was beatified by Pope John Paul II on 27 June 2001, as one of Mykolai Charnets'kyi and the 24 companion martyrs.[2]

References

3.      "The Structure of the Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church" at the Ukrainian Catholic University's Institute of Church History website
4.      John F. Pollard. The Papacy in the Age of Totalitarianism, 1914-1958. Oxford University Press, 2014. pg 306
5.      Stéphanie Mahieu, Vlad Naumescu. Churches In-between: Greek Catholic Churches in Postsocialist Europe. LIT Verlag, 2008. pg 48
6.      Ivan Katchanovski, Zenon E. Kohut, Bohdan Y. Nebesio, Myroslav Yurkevich. Historical Dictionary of Ukraine. Scarecrow Press, 2013. pg 263-264
7.      Myroslav Shkandrij. Ukrainian Nationalism: Politics, Ideology, and Literature, 1929-1956. Yale University Press, 2015. pg 31-32
8.      Joanna B. Michlic. Poland's Threatening Other: The Image of the Jew from 1880 to the Present. University of Nebraska Press, 2006. pg 77-78
9.      Ronald Modras. The Catholic Church and Antisemitism: Poland, 1933-1939. Routledge, 2005. pg 360-361
10.  Matthew Feldman, Marius Turda, Tudor Georgescu. Clerical Fascism in Interwar Europe. Routledge, 2013. pg 66-68
11.  Pierre Blet. Pius XII and the Second World War: According to the Archives of the Vatican. Paulist Press, 1999. pg 76-77
12.  Willem Adriaan Veenhoven, Winifred Crum Ewing, Stichting Plurale Samenlevingen. Case studies on human rights and fundamental freedoms: a world survey. Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, 1976. pg 477

External links
·         Blessed Hryhory Khomyshyn at CatholicSaints.info
·         Bl. Gregory Chomyshyn (in Polish)
·         "Story of faith, of secrecy, of death -- and life", 2001 article in the Baltimore Sun

Preceded byAndrey Sheptytsky
Succeeded byIvan Slezyuk



Beato Hryhorij Khomysyn Vescovo e martire ucraino



Hadynkivtsi, Ternopil, 25 marzo 1867 - Kiev, 28 dicembre 1945

Nacque il 25 marzo 1867 nel villaggio di Hadynkivtsi (regione di Ternopil, in Ucraina). Dopo gli studi compiuti presso il seminario di Lviv, il 18 novembre 1893, venne ordinato sacerdote. Nel 1902 fu nominato rettore del seminario; il 19 giugno 1904 venne ordinato vescovo dell’Eparchia di Stanislaviv oggi Ivano-Frankivsk. Fu arrestato dalle autorità comuniste prima nel 1939 e poi l’11 aprile del 1945. A causa delle torture subite e delle percosse ricevute durante gli interrogatori, il beato Hryhorij morì il 28 dicembre 1945 nell’ospedale del carcere di Lukianivska a Kiev. Fa parte del gruppo di 26 martiri della Chiesa greco-cattolica morti fra il 1935 e il 1973, perseguitati dal regime comunista che appoggiava la Chiesa ortodossa a cui essi rifiutavano di aderire. Sono stati beatificati da Giovanni Paolo II nel 2001 a Leopoli (Lviv), durante il viaggio apostolico in Ucraina.

Emblema: Bastone pastorale, Palma

Martirologio Romano: A Kiev in Ucraina, beato Gregorio Khomyšyn, vescovo di Ivano-Frankivsk e martire, che, durante la persecuzione contro la fede, meritò di sedere al banchetto celeste dell’Agnello.

Il beato nacque il 25 marzo 1867 nel villaggio di Hadynkivtsi (regione di Ternopil). Dopo gli studi compiuti presso il seminario di Lviv, il 18 novembre 1893, venne ordinato sacredote. Nel 1902 fu nominato Rettore del Seminario; il 19 giugno 1904 venne ordinato vescovo dell’Eparchia di Stanislaviv oggi Ivano-Frankivsk. 

Fu arrestato dalle autorità comuniste prima nel 1939 e poi l’11 aprile del 1945. A causa delle torture subite e delle percosse ricevute durante i famigerati interrogatori, il beato Hryhorij morì il 28 dicembre 1945 nell’ospedale del carcere di Lukianivska a Kiev. 

Fa parte del gruppo di 26 martiri della Chiesa greco-cattolica morti fra il 1935 e il 1973, perseguitati dal regime comunista che appoggiava la Chiesa ortodossa a cui essi rifiutavano di aderire; sono stati beatificati da papa Giovanni Paolo II il 27 giugno 2001 a Leopoli (Lviv) durante il suo pellegrinaggio apostolico in Ucraina.


Autore: Antonio Borrelli